Payday Loan ACH Processor

By | Jan 15, 2014

Payday Loan ACH ProcessorBy: Jer Trihouse. The payday loan industry continues to experience attacks on their ACH processing ability. At first glance, those of us who are dependent on the automated clearing house to service our borrowers shriek with acrimony at our governments intrusion into our business. I did as well. However, after I read the full text of the Department of Justice complaint and the settlement Four Oaks FINCORP agreed to, I must wonder what these guys were thinking! Obviously, only the parties involved know the details. The Fed’s have the deepest pockets! Litigating these allegations may have been suicide. Suffice it to say, when your lending model is dependent on “getting in bed” with other “players,” you are at risk. 

[Need a new ACH processor? Go here: ACH Processors ]

Some highlights:

    • Since the inception of Four Oaks Bank’s relationship with TPPP-TX, Four Oaks Bank has permitted TPPP-TX to originate more than 9.8 million ACH debits on behalf of TPPP-TX’s merchants. In dollar value, Four Oaks Bank has permitted TPPP-TX to process more than $2.4 billion in ACH network transactions for its merchants. In return for access to the ACH network, TPPP-TX has paid Four Oaks Bank more than $850,000 in gross fees.
    • As of today, approximately 97 percent of TPPP-TX’s merchants for which Four Oaks Bank permits debits to consumers’ accounts are Internet payday lenders. Annualized interest rates for Internet payday loans frequently range from 400 percent to 1,800 percent or more – far in excess of most states’ usury laws.
    • Four Oaks Bank also has permitted TPPP-TX to originate ACH debit transactions on behalf of other merchant-clients engaged in allegedly illegal activity, including alleged Internet gambling entities and an alleged Ponzi fraud scheme.
    • TPPP-TX’s Internet payday lender merchants operate through a series of websites. The websites are the only place where the lenders and borrowers “meet” to agree to loan terms. On these websites and in loan documents, TPPP-TX’s Internet payday lenders purport to state the total payment necessary for borrowers to satisfy a loan (which is the sum of the principal borrowed plus a stated finance charge) and the term of the loan. TPPP-TX’s fraudulent Internet payday lending merchant-clients affirmatively lead their respective borrowers to understand that their loans will be repaid by a single debit from their bank accounts on a date certain. Borrowers expect that, with that one debit on that specific date, the loan will be paid off and their obligation to the lender will terminate.  
    • Many of TPPP-TX’s Internet payday lenders’ actual practices, however, are not consistent with the expectations the lenders create for the borrowers. The lenders affirmatively mislead the borrowers by hiding in small print and in confusing language steps required for borrowers to avoid a loan rollover trap. Contrary to the expectations created by these lenders, the relevant TPPP-TX merchant-clients do not deduct the full amount owed (principal and interest and fees) on the loan due date so that the loan is fully satisfied and all obligations to the Internet payday lender end. Instead, these lenders manipulate repayment withdrawals for the purpose of extending the loans and racking up additional, unexpected finance charges against the borrowers.
    • In some cases, TPPP-TX’s Internet payday lenders unilaterally and without notice to borrowers – and in direct contradiction to the reasonable expectations of the borrowers based upon their Internet communications – unilaterally manipulate ACH debits against borrowers’ accounts to achieve greater profits at the expense of borrowers.
    • The design, intent, and effect of these fraudulent Internet payday lenders’ conduct creates a false pretext to withdraw money from borrowers’ bank accounts in amounts far exceeding the reasonable understanding and expectations of borrowers. Through this process of misleading and deceptive Internet payday lending, many of the borrowers are sucked into a vortex of debt and their bank accounts are debited until they are bled dry. Moreover, as a consequence of unanticipated loan extensions, rollovers, and unanticipated interest payments debited from their bank accounts, many of the borrowers incur further harm in the form of substantial overdraft or “insufficient funds” fees from their own banks.
    • Four Oaks Bank permits TPPP-TX’s fraudulent Internet payday lending merchants access to the ACH network to credit (deposit) loan proceeds into borrowers’ bank accounts, and then to debit (withdraw) money for the repayment of the loans, with interest and fees. These fraudulent Internet payday lenders unilaterally access borrowers’ bank accounts based upon authority purportedly granted through fraudulent and misleading loan agreements. TPPP-TX’s fraudulent Internet payday lenders’ ability to control the timing and amount of debits from borrowers’ bank accounts is the key to their ability to commit fraud. Without direct, unilateral access to borrowers’ bank accounts through the ACH network, the Internet payday lenders would need borrowers to initiate each loan repayment. Borrowers that find lenders’ demands for repayment to be inconsistent with their respective understandings of their loan agreements would have an opportunity – before money is unilaterally taken from their bank accounts – to question, reject, or dispute the demand for payment.

[Need a new ACH Processor? Go here: ACH Processor ]

Learn how to open a payday loan business or improve your operations: PaydayManual.com

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8 Comments so far
  1. fawn January 16, 2014 9:57 am

    Jer, we need a new ACH processor for our sovereign nation model. Do you have any recommendations? Referrals?

  2. Frank M. January 16, 2014 9:59 am

    Are there still ACH processors available for payday lenders based offshore? Can you forward their contact info?

  3. Payday Loan Industry January 16, 2014 10:16 am
  4. Payday Loan Industry January 16, 2014 10:17 am
  5. miro January 17, 2014 7:39 am

    Jer.

    These practices are so stupid it makes my head hurt. I was approached by a group that was charging people $30 to find them a payday loan. The people never actually got a loan. It was a SCAM. I turned away the contract and I told the company management that what they were doing was wrong, and dishonest.

    Their reply was that they didn’t care about right and wrong, there was no specific LAW against it, and they planned to continue to ride this while they could.

    Well, guess what happened? They had enough complaints that the Federal government got involved, and these morons ended up facing criminal charges.

    This isn’t rocket science. There is PLENTY of profit to be earned from treating customers well. Being FAIR.

    What a bunch of poopheads!

  6. Payday Loan Industry January 17, 2014 9:12 am

    Miro, you’re correct. When we dig into the meat of the issues the DOJ, CFPB, NACHA and the state AG’s are concerned about it generally comes down to consumer abuse, disclosure and compliance. The short sided lenders are causing a LOT of grief in the payday loan industry. The proverbial, “baby thrown out with the bath water.”

  7. alex March 1, 2014 11:52 am

    Looking for another processor and the links above are not working. Possible you could email me ACH companies doing business with off-shore lenders?

  8. Payday Loan Industry March 1, 2014 1:12 pm

    Alex, here you go… ACH processor for payday loan businesses

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